King Joash (Part 2)

Categories: Children's Church

1. HOOK: Voices in my Head

  • Blindfold a child. Put him at one end of the class. Now mark the other end of the class as “B”. Pick another child to be his mentor. He should listen only to his mentor. The mentor is to guide him to move to point B. He will tell him to move right, left forward.
  • Pick another child (or maybe 2) to be the “distractor”. He will give wrong instructions. The blindfold child must only listen to the mentor’s voice to get to point B.
  • After the game, ask, “Was it easy?”
  • Now I am going to tell you about what happened to a king called Joash who had a mentor, but later died.


2. LESSON: King Joash (2 Chron 21-22)


A. Joash Protected — God’s Promises Preserved (Review)

  • Last week, we learned about how Athaliah tried to kill all the little princes — her own grandchildren — so that she could be queen of Judah.
  • However, one little boy escaped. What was his name? Joash
  • That’s right! Joash was a baby, and his aunty carried him to safety in the temple.
  • The priest Jehoida took care of Joash for six years, while evil Athaliah ruled Judah. The priest believed God’s promise that King David will always have a King on his throne. His faith in God’s promises made him bold to risk his life to protect baby Joash.
  • All through the pages of Scripture if you look beneath the physical story that you read you can see Satan’s endless attempts to stop God’s plans.  God has all authority over all His creation and nothing can stop His plans. Last week when we read about Queen Athaliah’s attempt to murder all of the sons of the king what do you think was happening in the spiritual world?  (Satan, God’s enemy was trying to destroy the seed from which Jesus Christ would be born.) God always keeps His promises and nothing will ever stop or thwart His purposes. So He preserved baby Joash so that His promises will be fulfilled through him!


B. Joash becomes King — God can use us even when we are young!

  • When Joash was 7, Jehoida brought together the commanders and the Levites in Jerusalem, where he introduced Joash as the rightful king of Judah. “The king’s son shall reign, as the Lord promised concerning the descendants of David.”
  • Jehoiada and his sons brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him; they presented him with a copy of the covenant and proclaimed him king. They anointed him and shouted, “Long live the king!” The officers and the trumpeters were beside the king, and all the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets, and musicians with their instruments were leading the praises.
  • Joash was King of Judah. He was 7 years old! How many of you are 7 years old? God can use Joash, God can also use you, even when you are young.
  • When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and cheering the king, she went to them at the temple of the Lord. When she saw King Joash at the entrance of the temple, she tore her robes and shouted, “Treason! Treason!” The soldiers arrested her and put her to death.


C. Joash had a godly teacher and helper

  • Joash was a little boy, but he had a good teacher and helper in Jehoiada, who taught him about God’s word and led by example.
  • Jehoiada made a covenant that he, the people and the king would be the Lord’s people. He offered sacrifices to God and protected God’s temple. All the people went to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They smashed the altars and idols.
  • One of the things Joash did as king was to repair the temple of God. Athaliah’s sons had used the temple’s furnishings for themselves. So Joash commanded that the temple be repaired. He put out a box so that people could put in their money to contribute towards the repair of the temple. The people gave gladly, a large amount of money was collected, and the temple was repaired.
  • Jehoiada lived to be 130 years old.  He lived a life that impacted others in a Godly way.  When he died he was honored by being buried with the kings in the City of David.  He was faithful to God and was a Godly influence to King Joash and the people of Judah.
  • After Jehoiada died, however, Joash did not follow God anymore. He did not listen to God’s prophets who came to warn him, and instead he killed them. In the end he did in battle.
  • That’s a sad end for a king who had such a miraculous testimony as a baby, who had such good godly influence in his life and whom God used in such great and amazing ways.
  • When he had a good teacher and helper, Joash followed God and prospered. But when he didn’t have a good teacher and helper anymore, he got sidetracked and didn’t follow God anymore.
  • Today, children, we have the best teacher and helper. He is the Holy Spirit. He teaches us about God and His ways, and He helps us to be good Jesus boys and girls! After Jesus died and rose again, He went back into heaven. He promised that He will send us the Holy Spirit who will come to live in our hearts forever.
  • We don’t have to worry about the Holy Spirit leaving us or dying (like in Jehoiada’s case). He is in us and with us forever!
  • John 14:16-17a And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate/Helper, who will never leave you. He is the Holy Spirit, who leads into all truth.”


  • Game for Memory Verse
  • Quiz for Review of lessons — King Jehoshaphat and King Joash


King Joash (Part 1)

Categories: Children's Church

1. HOOK: Eagle vs Mother Hen

  • Choose a kid as the eagle and another kid as the mother hen. The rest of the kids will be the chicks. In the game, the eagle tries to catch one of the chicks, and the mother hen tries to protect the chicks from the eagle.
  • The chicks will line behind the mother hen one by one. The eagle can catch the chick by tagging the chick, and the mother hen can protect the chicks by spreading her arms shoulder high. When the chasing begins, the eagle is free to run anywhere to catch the chick. The mother hen will try to be in front of the eagle to protect the chicks.
  • The eagle has to go around the mother hen to catch the chick, and he will try to avoid any contact with the mother hen. To help the mother hen, the chicks will try to run out of the way of the eagle. The chicks don’t have to be in the line all the time. They may run out of the line and play tag with the eagle.
  • If the eagle catches a chick, this game will be over and that chick will be the eagle in the next game.
  • Conclusion: Just as the Mummy Hen protects her baby chicks, God protects all of us!

2. LESSON: King Joash (2 Chron 21-22)


  • Last week, we learned about a new king of Judah. What was his name? Jehoshaphat
  • Remember how Jehoshaphat sent out the worshippers to praise God even as the enemy armies were attacking him?
  • After King Jehoshaphat died, his eldest son, Jehoram, became king. Jehoram married King Ahab and Queen Jezebel’s daughter, Athaliah. He ruled for 8 years.
    (When Jehoram became king, he killed all his brothers! He did evil in God’s eyes. He was invaded by the Arabs and Philistines, who killed most of his sons and wives. In the end, he died of an incurable disease of his bowels — his intestines all came out, and he was in great pain!)
  • After he died, his youngest son, Ahaziah became king at age 22. Ahaziah ruled for one year. He, too, did evil, and was killed during a visit to the kingdom of Israel.
  • When Ahaziah died, his mother, Athaliah — the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel — wanted to rule Judah and declared herself queen.
    (She was so evil that she killed her own grandchildren so that they would not try to be kings or queens in her place.)
  • All through the years, God never forgot his promise to King David — that he will always have a king on his throne.
  • So despite King Jehoram and King Ahaziah’s evil doings, God never wiped them off! And now, this evil Queen Athaliah has killed off the baby boys in King David’s line!
  • But wait … she didn’t kill off ALL of them.
  • One little baby prince escaped! Baby Joash was hidden in the temple by his aunt so he was not killed. Jehoiada, the priest, took care of Joash and taught him about God. Baby Joash was kept safe and sound for six years, until he was anointed king (we’ll learn more about that next week!)
  • God kept His promise to King David. He promised a forever king. And this king is Jesus. From the beginning, the devil has always tried to destroy God’s plans and promises. For example, if Queen Athaliah managed to kill Baby Joash, then there will be no more line of David! But God preserved the line by saving Baby Joash, so that one day, a Saviour could come to die for the world and rise again to reign as the Perfect King forever!


Today, we’ve learnt that:

  • God protected Baby Joash; God protects me! Although his parents were dead, God provided his aunt and uncle to rescue him and take care of him. Many of us have our parents to look after us, but even when they are not with us, God will still take care of us. Eg you are in school and your bus comes late, or your father may be working in another country and can’t be with you.
  • God kept His promises; God will always keep His promises. His most important promise was not to David. It was way back in the Garden of Eden where He promised to send someone to crush the head of Satan. That someone is Jesus!


  • Sharing: Ask the children to share how God has guided them or protected them.
  • Memory Verse: Psalm 121:7-8 (just vs 7 for younger classes)
    The Lord will keep you from all harm— he will watch over your life;
    the Lord will watch over your coming and going both now and forevermore.


King Jehoshaphat

Categories: Children's Church

1. HOOK: Heavyweights

  • Have you been in a situation where the odds were stacked against you so much that you cannot win?
  • Demonstrate this activity. Rule: The heaviest side wins<practice at home first to ensure it works >
  • You will need: 1 ruler, eight 20 sen coins (or dimes), one 10 sen coin (or nickels), one eraser, one paper weight.
  • Stack the eight 20 sen coins on one side (if they slide, you may need to tape them) and one 10 sen coin on the other side. Ask: Which side is heavier? Yes, of course. Imagine you were the 10 sen coin, how can you win against eight 20 sen coins?
  • But we have God’s help. Place a paperweight (labeled God’s help) on the side of the 10 sen coin. Which side wins now? With God’s help we can win even if the odds are against us, even if it looks like there is no way we can win.


2. LESSON: King Jehoshaphat (2 Chron 20)

  • Last week, we learned about a new king of Judah. What was his name? Jehoshaphat
  • In the last lesson, we learnt how God protected Jehoshaphat from being killed by enemy soldiers who mistook him for King Ahab.
  • Today we will see how God saved King Jehoshaphat from a major problem!
  • What are some of the problems you face? Get kids to share —Bullies? Projects you don’t know how to do? Family? Friends? Teachers? Health?
  • Did you know that King Jehoshaphat had a huge problem too? He was going to be attacked by a large army of Moabites and Ammonites! They came from Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir and were already close by! The odds were definitely against him! That’s a pretty big problem, even for a king!
  • What do you think Jehoshaphat did?
  • King Jehoshaphat called to God! He called all the people of Judah together, and they looked to God for help. King Jehoshaphat remembered how God had rescued him before.
  • Jehoshaphat led the people to pray, “For we have no power to face this vast army that is attacking us. We do not know what to do, but our eyes are on you”.
  • Children: When you do not know what to do, fix your eyes on Jesus! When you are facing a problem, don’t look at your problem — it will cause your problem to seem bigger than it is. Focus on Jesus instead — when you focus on Him, He becomes bigger and bigger, and our problem becomes smaller and smaller! Let’s repeat what the king prayed together, “We do not know what to do, but our eyes are on you!”
  • Then God’s Spirit came on a man named Jahaziel, and he said, “Do not be afraid or discouraged because of this vast army. For the battle is not yours, but God’s. You will not have to fight this battle. Stand firm and see the deliverance the Lord will give you! Go out to face them tomorrow, and the Lord will be with you”.
  • Children: The battle is not yours, but God’s! Whatever your problem is, you don’t have to stress or worry about it. Give it to God and let Him handle it for you. We just have to stand firm in faith, and not fear. Let’s say it together, “The battle is not mine, but God’s!” Now tell your friend!


  • So what did Jehoshaphat do? He wasn’t busy training his army to fight. He wasn’t exercising his fighting men. Instead, he and the whole of Judah began worshipping God.
  • Early the next morning, they set out to face the invading army. Jehoshaphat stood up and told the people, “Have faith in the Lord your God!”
  • What would you normally do in such a situation? Most people would get their strongest, fiercest, toughest fighting men to charge forward, right?
  • Instead, King Jehoshaphat appointed a worship team to lead the way! Their job was to sing to the Lord and to praise Him. So they sang, “Give thanks to the Lord, for his love endures forever.”
  • As they were singing and praising God, God set ambushes for the invading armies. He confused the men from Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir, and they started attacking and ended up killing one another until everyone died.
  • When the men of Judah came to the place that overlooks the desert, they saw only dead bodies lying on the ground! So they went to plunder the invaders — they took away their equipment, clothing and valuables. There were so much that they needed 3 days to collect all of it!
  • Did Jehoshaphat and his people have to fight their enemies? No, God fought the battle for them. When they returned, they went joyfully to the temple of God to worship Him and rejoice over what He had done!
  • Children: Give thanks to the Lord, for his love endures forever! Let’s learn to give thanks in all circumstances. We believe that God is good and that He loves us. We believe that Jesus has accomplished everything for us on the cross! We believe Jesus is the answer to all our problems. So instead of worrying and being anxious, let’s just thank Him for that and praise Him. When we are praising Him, we are telling our problems that, “My God is bigger than you! My God is more powerful than you! My God has won the victory for me!” Amen!


Today, we’ve learnt that: Any of these can be the memory verse:

  • When you do not know what to do, fix your eyes on Jesus! (2 Chron 20:12b)
  • The battle is not yours, but God’s! (2 Chron 20:15b)
  • Give thanks to the Lord, for his love endures forever! (2 Chron 20:21b)



  • Thanksgiving box: Get kids to write down their thanksgivings to God. For those who have problems/issues, help them to thank the Lord for delivering them from that problem. E.g. “Thank you Jesus for healing me of …” etc. Get them to share their praise points if they want to. Then get them to insert the thanksgiving notes into the Thanksgiving Box. Close in prayer.
  • Video: Nick Vujicic
  • Remember no matter what difficulties we face, we have God with us and we can win. Even a man born without arms and legs can have a good life because he has Jesus! For the younger children who may have difficulty understanding the video, you may wish to just relate the key aspects of Nick’s testimony to them.

King Ahab & King Jehoshaphat

Categories: Children's Church

1. HOOK: Duckie Wuckie

  • Everyone sits in a circle. One blindfolded person goes around outside the circle, tapping each head (like Duck, Duck, Goose).
  • When the blindfolded person decides to stop, he/she asks, “Is there a Duckie Wuckie there?” The person being tapped has to disguise their voice and say, “Duckie Wuckie who?” Then the blindfolded person has to guess who the person is.
  • If the guess is right, they switch places, and the person who was sitting down has to be blindfolded.
  • Today we will learn about how a king tried to disguise himself so he wouldn’t be killed.


2. REVIEW: Kings of Israel



3. LESSON: King Ahab & King Jehoshaphat (2 Chron 17-18)

  • Last month, we looked at a king of Israel (Northern Kingdom; 10 tribes). He was very wicked. What was his name? Ahab
  • We also looked at a prophet of God who brought God’s message to Ahab. What was his name? Elijah. Remember how Elijah had a showdown with the false prophets of Israel by calling down fire from heaven?
  • Today, we look at a king of Judah (Southern Kingdom; 2 tribes). His name was King Jehoshaphat!
  • When King Asa died, his son, Jehoshaphat became the king of Judah. Jehoshaphat followed God, like King David. He did not worship other false gods. God gave him power and wealth. The kings in the lands surrounding Judah did not dare to go to war against Jehoshaphat because they feared God. (1 Chronicles 17: 1-6, 10)
  • However, although he could have relied totally on God to protect him, Jehoshaphat allied himself with the evil king of Israel, Ahab. He made his son, Jehoram, marry Ahab’s daughter. God’s word tells us not to be yoked with unbelievers — don’t get into any partnership with people who do not want to do things God’s way! Because when we partner with them, we end up doing pretty dumb things and get ourselves into trouble.
  • Because of his partnership with Ahab, Jehoshaphat agreed to partner Ahab to attack Ramoth Gilead, which belonged to the King of Aram.
  • Ahab’s false prophets told the kings, “Attack Ramoth Gilead and be victorious!”
  • But God’s prophet, Micaiah, told the kings that the attack would be disastrous for them. “I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd, and the Lord said, ‘These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.’”
  • Did King Ahab listen? No! Instead he sent Micaiah to prison for telling the truth.
  • So the kings of Israel and Judah headed to battle against the king of Aram at Ramoth Gilead. <illustrate by getting 2 kids to the front as King Ahab and King Jehoshaphat; get them to wear paper crowns and cloaks, if possible>
  • King Aham had a plan. He said to Jehoshaphat, “I will enter the battle in disguise, but you wear your royal robes.” He thought that if he didn’t wear his royal robes, he would be safe from the enemy. So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.<remove the crown and cloak from “King Ahab”; replace with a different cloak>
  • Meanwhile, the king of Aram had ordered his commanders, “Do not fight with anyone, except Ahab.”
  • When the commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they thought that he was Ahab as he was dressed like a king. So they turned to attack him, but Jehoshaphat cried out, and the Lord helped him. God drew them away from him. The chariot commanders saw that he was not Ahab and they stopped chasing him. God protected King Jehoshaphat.
  • How about King Ahab? He was disguised as a common soldier. But someone drew his bow randomly. And the arrow hit Ahab, and he died! <get “King Ahab” to fall down “dead”>


A. Trust God.

  • Don’t depend on your flesh — your cleverness, your own ideas etc — and take matters into your own hands
  • King Jehoshaphat could have trusted God for his security instead of forming partnership with ungodly men. But when the King of Aram’s soldiers wanted to kill him, Jehoshaphat called on the Lord, and God saved him! God was His helper. The Lord kept him alive! (Psalm 54:5)
  • King Ahab thought he was so smart when he went into battle in disguise — just as the game we played earlier where we tried to disguise our voices so that we won’t be recognised. But King Ahab was still taken down by a “random” arrow — it was not a coincidence. God’s word that the battle would be disastrous for him came true!


B. Jesus cares!

  • God’s prophet, Micaiah, told the kings, “I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd.’” Human kings make mistakes. Human kings may depend on themselves rather than on God. The result is the people suffer like sheep without shepherd.
  • When Jesus came to earth, he saw the crowds and had compassion on them, because “they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.” (Matt 9:36)
  • Jesus is the perfect Forever King. Jesus is the Good Shepherd who came to heal, teach and bring life to all of us, so that we won’t be harassed and helpless anymore!



  • Memory Verse:  Psalm 54:4 (NLT) But God is my helper. The Lord keeps me alive!


1. HOOK: Whom do you seek? Or related icebreaker

  • Create two cubes/lists:
    • possible decisions that kids have to make (e.g. school work, recreation, choosing friends etc)
    • possible people or things they seek help from (e.g. parents, friends, doctors, teachers etc)  
  • Have kids roll the two dice together and discuss the way people might seek the help for the decision. 
  • God puts wise people in our midst, and we should get help from these people, especially our parents. But our parents are also human. They don’t have all the answers or know what’s going to happen. The One person who knows everything and whom we can depend on is Jesus. So whenever we have issues or problems or have to make big decisions, talk to Jesus first, and He will show us the way. 
2. LESSON: King Asa of Judah (1 Kings 15, 2 Chronicles 14-16)
  •  King Asa 
    • Today we meet King Asa. He was the son of King Abijah and ruled over Judah for 41 years.
    • Unlike his father Abijah and grandfather Rehoboam, the Bible records for us that “Asa did what was good and right in the eyes of the Lord his God” (2 Chron 14:2) and that he had a whole heart like David (Asa’s heart was fully committed to the Lord all his life.” 2 Chron 15:17)
    •  What did Asa do? He:
      • Stopped worship to the false gods: Removed the foreign altars and high places; smashed the sacred stones; and cut down the Asherah poles (He even removed his grandmother Maakah from her position as queen mother because she made an idol for the worship of the false goddess Asherah)
      • Commanded Judah to seek God and obey Him
      • Built up and prospered the cities of Judah in times of rest/peace

  •  Asa & his 2 Battles: Where do you place your trust?
  • During Asa’s reign, Judah had peace for many years. But there were 2 instances where he faced some external threats.
  • #1: Zerah and the Cushites (1 Chron 14)
    • There was a man called Zerah, who was a Cushite. He had a large and powerful army — 1 million men and 300 chariots — from Egypt.
    • One day, Zerah decided to come and attack King Asa at the Valley of Zephathah. 
    • King Asa had about 580,000 fighting men, but Zerah’s army was greater — 1 million men and 300 chariots. The odds were heavily stacked against King Asa.
    • What did Asa do? He called to God. “Then Asa called to the Lord his God and said, “Lord, there is no one like you to help the powerless against the mighty. Help us, Lord our God, for we rely on you, and in your name we have come against this vast army. Lord, you are our God; do not let mere mortals prevail against you.” (1 Chron 14:11)
    • Asa trusted and relied on God. And God struck down the Cushites before Asa and Judah. The Cushite armies fled, and Asa and his men chased them and destroyed them.
    • King Asa and his men also carried away a large amount of plunder from the fallen Cushites. God gave them a great victory indeed!
  •  #2: Baasha King of Israel (1 Chron 16) 
    • In the 36th year of Asa’s reign, there was another threat against Judah. 
    • King Baasha of Israel went against King Asa. He fortified the town of Ramah to prevent anyone from leaving or entering Judah.
    • What did Asa do? Call to God?
    • Unfortunately this time, he didn’t. 
    • Asa decided to rely on his own cleverness this time. Asa decided to make a treaty with Ben-Hadad king of Aram, from Damascus.
    • Ben-Haded had a treaty with Baasha already. But King Asa gave Ben-Hadad gold and silver from the treasuries of the temple and palace and asked him to break his treaty with Baasha. 
    • Ben-Hadad agreed. He broke off his treaty with Baasha of Israel and began conquering the towns of Israel — Ijon, Dan, Abel Maim, Naphtali etc. 
    • When Baasha heard about it, he abandoned his work at Ramah. So the men of Judah went to carry away all the stones and timber that Baasha had been using in Ramah, and they used it to build up the towns of Geba and Mizpah.
    • That seemed like a smart move on King Asa’s part, right?
    • But God didn’t think so. Asa had trusted in his own cleverness and in another man (King Ben-Hadad) instead of in God to deliver him … even though God had delivered him from Zerah and the Cushites before. 
    • He sent Hanani the prophet to speak to Asa:“Because you relied on the king of Aram and not on the Lord your God, the army of the king of Aram has escaped from your hand. Were not the Cushites and Libyans a mighty army with great numbers of chariots and horsemen? Yet when you relied on the Lord, he delivered them into your hand. You have done a foolish thing, and from now on you will be at war.”
    • Asa didn’t listen to the prophet. He was angry with him and put him in prison. 
    • Even when Asa was old and sick, he only trusted the doctors and did not seek help from the Lord. (1 Chron 16:12)
  • Asa was a good king who followed God and kept His commandments. He didn’t worship idols. But He forgot to trust God fully. He thought that he was smarter than God. He put his trust in other men. In the end, he missed out the big victory God had in store for him.
  • We can be good and follow God’s commandments. We can choose not to worship idols. But when we rely on our own goodness and smartness and abilities, we lose out on something greater. Jesus is our goodness. Jesus is our wisdom. Jesus is our ability.
  • So children, do we trust men or trust Jesus? Trust our own selves? Or trust Jesus? When we are faced with issues and decisions in life, call upon Jesus, and He will answer us and show us the best way!
  • Memory Verse Activity: (play game or activity to get kids to memorise)
    Proverbs 3:5-6
      Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not on your own understanding;in all your ways submit to him, and he will make your paths straight.

Kings: Abijah of Judah

Categories: Children's Church

1. HOOK:
  • Prepare a plastic chair. Get a volunteer to come forward and put a hand on the chair. Get the volunteer to lift up the outside leg and lean towards the chair. The chair would move (control it a bit for younger kids), and the kid would lose balance.
  • Then get another volunteer to come forward. Get this volunteer to put a hand on the wall and lean towards the wall. The wall doesn’t move, and the kid doesn’t lose balance. 
  • Today we’re going to learn about somebody who put His trust in the Lord. He didn’t put his trust in other things (like numbers or his own strength and power), because those are like the plastic chair. If you lean on it, it may fail and you may fall. But if we trust the Lord, he is firm, like the wall.


 2. LESSON: King Abijah of Judah (1 Kings 15, 2 Chronicles 13)
  • So far, we have learnt: 
    • Rehoboam: Solomon’s son. Did not want to serve the people. People rebelled, and the kingdom was split into 2 — Israel and Judah. Rehoboam ruled over Judah.
  • After Rehoboam died, his son Abijah succeeded him as king of Judah. He ruled Judah for 3 years.
  • What else do we know about Abijah? 
    • The Bible records for us 2 main things in 1 Kings 15:
    • Abijah did not have a WHOLE HEART like King David. He only had HALF HEART. He committed the sins of his father and grandfather of worshipping other gods etc.
    • There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam (King of Israel) throughout Abijah’s lifetime.
  • THE WAR (2 Chron 13) 
    • One day, Jeroboam wanted to attack Abijah. He had 800,000 soldiers on his side. 
    • Abijah got his troops ready too. But he only had 400,000 soldiers. 
    • Who had the bigger army? Jeroboam (by double the number of troops) 
    • Who would most probably win? Jeroboam 
    • God’s ways are not our ways.  He delights to show His power in our weakness. (1 Cor 1:25) 
    • Although we read that Abijah only had HALF HEART for God, he knew and understood that the ONLY way to win against his enemy was to fully rely on God. Not on numbers or his own strength or power.  
    • Abijah was facing a huge enemy and he knew enough about God that he knew the only way he could win this battle was if God fought it for him.
    • Abijah stood on the mountain and gave a speech to Jeroboam and his soldiers. His speech included: 
    • Reminding them of God’s promise to David that his kingdom would reign forever. 
    • Jeroboam made golden calves to be their gods and drove out God’s priests from his kingdom and allowed anyone who wants to be a priest to be one. (our lesson last week)
    • Abijah’s kingdom had God’s priests who were obedient to follow God’s ways to worship.
    • God is with Judah and enemies will lose if they fight against Him. “People of Israel, do not fight against the Lord, the God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed.” (2 Chron 13:12)
    • But Jeroboam decided to go ahead. 
    • He sent some of his troops behind Abijah’s troops to “sandwich” them. 
    • When Judah turned and saw that there were Jeroboam’s armies in front AND behind them, they did the only thing they could do — they cried out to the Lord. 
    • The priests blew their trumpets. The men of Judah raised the battle cry. 
    • And even though Israel’s armies were 2x the size of Judah’s, the Bible records for us that God defeated the armies of Israel before King Abijah and Judah. 
    • Israel’s armies fled, and Abijah and his men managed to strike down 500,000 of them. Imagine … 400,000 soldiers from Judah striking down 500,000 soldiers from Israel. Physically and logically, that was impossible. But God made it possible. 
    • In 2 Chronicles 13:18, it says, The Israelites were subdued on that occasion, and the people of Judah were victorious because they relied on the Lord, the God of their ancestors.”
  • Conclusion:
    • Even though Abijah did bad things, the one good thing he did was to remember God’s promise/covenantto his great grandfather, David.
    • He knew that God promised to give King David a forever kingdom. 
    • He knew God always kept His promises.
    • So he knew God would not fail them.
    • Even as a little boy, Abijah’s great grandfather, David, also remembered God’s promise/covenant to the people of Israel (e.g. the Abrahamic covenant of a great nation).
      • When he saw Goliath mocking the armies of Israel, he said, Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?” (1 Sam 17:26) 
      • When Goliath insulted him, David said, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.” (1 Sam 17:45) 
      • David knew who was with Israel and who will fight the battle for them — God.
  • God is a Covenant-keeping God.  
    • God kept His covenant when Goliath was threatening His people
    • God kept His covenant with David when Jeroboam’s armies tried to ambush Abijah’s
      • God didn’t help Abijah and Judah because they were so good or that they deserved it — even though Abijah boasted, We are observing the requirements of the Lord our God.” 
      • God helped Abijah and Judah because of His covenant with David — “For David’s sake, the Lord his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem by raising up a son to succeed him and by making Jerusalem strong.”
    • And God keeps His covenant with Jesus, which was cut on the cross with Jesus’ blood.
    • God will help us in our time of need — not because we deserve it; not because we are so good; but because He is good, and because we are His children under the New Covenant.
      • For Jesus’ sake, God fights our battles for us. God protects us. God helps us and gives us the victory! 
      • Praise the Lord!
  •  Memory Verse:
o   2 Chron 13:18 The people of Judah were victorious because they relied on the Lord, the God of their ancestors.


o   Ps 18:2 The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer …

A Walk-through Solomon’s Temple

Categories: Children's Church

LESSON: A Walk-through Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 7, 2 Chron 4)

  • Set up room according to the following layout
  • Prepare kids outside the room:
    • Today, we’re going to take a special tour of the temple of God that King Solomon built.
    • Let’s walk slowly and very quietly so we can see all the different things inside.
    • Note: Depending on crowd control, you may choose to have all the kids sit down in the “outer court area” while you talk about different parts of the temple, or have them follow you
  • Conclusion:
    • Today, because of Jesus’ death and life, we are brought near to God.
    • We are washed so clean and made righteous so that God’s Holy Spirit can live in us forever.
    • Thank you Jesus for dying on the cross for me. Thank you for taking away all my sins and washing me clean with your blood. Thank you for your broken body that makes me whole. That you that because of you, I can come to God freely and boldly in your name. I accept you into my heart and my life; live your life in me and through me. In Jesus’ name, Amen!

View of set-up room

1.         Lesson: The Temple’s Furnishings (1 Kings 7, 2 Chron 4)
  • Last week, we learnt about how Solomon built a temple to God. It was built:
    • with the best materials and by the best craftsmen
    • as God’s house where God’s people could come to pray and receive forgiveness of their sins 
  • We also learned that the temple was temporary … a picture of who us today — we are the temple of the Holy Spirit, and that God lives in us forever!
  • The layout and furnishing of the temple is similar to the tabernacle that the Israelites used to worship God in since they came out of Egypt. (Exodus 25-27). The temple was about double the size of the tabernacle, and some of the furnishing were multiplied (10x).
  • Everything about the temple — layout and furnishings — are made according to perfect specifications because it serves as “a copy and shadow of what is in heaven”. (Heb 8:5)
  • Today we will looks at some of the furnishings in the temple and see how they are a picture of Jesus and His finished work on the cross.

  • The temple:
    • Outside of the temple:
      • Altar of Burnt Offering/Brazen altar
      • Brazen sea
      • 10 lavers
    • The porch (portico/vestibule)
    • The Holy Place/Greater House/temple
      • 10 tables of Showbread
      • 10 Golden Lampstands
      • Altar of incense 
    • The inner sanctuary, the “Holy of Holies”
      • Ark of the Covenant
1.         Outside the temple/Courtyard 
a.     Altar of Burnt Offering/Brazen Altar
  • Made of acacia wood and overlaid with bronze (symbol of God’s judgment against sin)
  • God asked Israelites to make it as part of their worship in the desert (Exodus 27:1-8)
  • This was where the Israelites would offer their burnt animal offerings to God for their sins year after year.
  • Animal blood would be spilled on the altar to atone (cover up) their sins.
  • Picture of Jesus: 
    • Jesus was the perfect offering to God who shed His blood for our sins. The animals’ blood could only cover up our sins, but Jesus’ blood takes away/removes all our sins (John 1:29).
    • Just as the altar was located outside the temple, Christ died outside of the camp as a sacrifice once and for all.

b. Brazen Sea & 10 Lavers/Bowls 

  •  Every priest had to wash his hands and feet before entering the place of worship or risk being struck dead. (Exodus 30:17-21)
  • At the tabernacle, they used a small laver made of the women’s hand mirrors. But Solomon built a large Brazen Sea for the priests to wash themselves outside the temple.
  • The Brazen Sea was a large bronze basin about 15 feet in diameter and over 7.5 feet high (higher than our mommies and daddies). It rested on the backs of 12 bronze oxen.
  • There were 10 bronze lavers/bowls along the sides of the temple. These were wash basins to rinse the items used for burnt sacrifices.
  • Picture of Jesus: 
    • The priests could not approach God’s presence without washing themselves. Today, Jesus’ He washes us clean. So we can enter God’s presence boldly and with confidence. 
    • “Let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled [with blood] to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water.” (Hebrews 10:22)

2.       The Holy Place
c.       The 10 Tables of Showbread (Sacred bread)

  • Small tables made of acacia wood and overlaid with pure gold. 
  • The Table of Showbread (or Bread of the Presence) was set at all times just as a king’s table is always set and prepared for his arrival. 
  • The Lord commanded that on this table there were to be 12 loaves of bread (representing the 12 tribes of Israel) displayed in two rows of six each (In Solomon’s temple, total number of loaves = 12 x 10 = 120). 
  • They were to be made with the finest flour; they were to be flat (or unleavened) and eaten by the priests only, and only in the Holy Place. The priest would put the bread on the table for a week, then eat it on the Sabbath in the Holy Place and replace it with fresh bread. (Lev 24:5-8)
  • The bread was a reminder of God’s provision of manna for the 12 tribes of Israel throughout their 40-year journey in the desert.
  • The Showbread is also called the “Bread of the Presence” because it was always in the Lord’s presence. The table and the bread are a picture of God’s desire to fellowship and commune with man — an invitation to share a meal together. (Rev 3:20) 
  • Picture of Jesus:
    • Jesus says He is the bread of life (John 6:35). The manna and physical bread can only sustain our physical life; but the Bread of Life gives us eternal life in Christ.
    • Before He died, Jesus took bread, broke it and gave it to His disciples saying “Take and eat; this is my body.” (Matt 26:26)
    • On the cross, Jesus’ body was broken so that you and I can be made whole and be brought near to God and have communion/fellowship with Him.
    • Every time we take the Holy Communion, we are reminded of Jesus’ broken body on the cross.

d.      The 10 Lampstands

  •   Had to be always lit/kept burning by the priests (Exodus 27:20-21) 
  • Provided  light in tabernacle/temple — a reminder to the Israelites that God provided light (pillar of fire) when they travelled through the desert for 40 years (Exodus 13:20-21)
  • Picture of Jesus:
    • Jesus is the light of the world — the true light that gives light to every man (John 1:9)
    • Jesus promised that when we follow Him, we will “never walk in darkness but will have the light of life”. (John 8:12) We also reflect Jesus’ light to the world.

e.      Altar of Incense

  • Every morning and evening, the priest was to burn incense upon this altar, filling the air with the sweet aroma of the incense. Symbolising the prayers/intercession of God’s people rising up to God’s throne. 
  • Picture of Jesus:
    • Jesus is at the right hand of the Father interceding for us (Romans 8:34)
    • Because of Jesus’ finished work on the cross, we can pray from a position of victory today — not begging God but thanking Him for what He has already done for us!

f.        Veil

  • Curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, with cherubims worked into it. Placed between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place/Holy of Holies. 
  • The Holy of Holies was so holy that only the High Priest was allowed to enter into it. Once a year on the tenth day of the seventh month, the Day of Atonement, the High Priest was permitted to pass through the veil and enter into the presence of God. This was the time when the High Priest sought the Mercy of God and made atonement for his sins and the sins of the people of Israel.  
  • The Veil symbolises the separation between a Holy God and unholy man. Man could not simply enter God’s presence or they could fall down dead.
  • Picture of Jesus: 
    • When Jesus died on the cross, the tall, thick veil in the temple (of his time) was miraculously torn in two, from top to bottom (Matt 27:50-51).
    • The torn veil illustrated Jesus’ body broken for us, opening the way for us to come to God. As Jesus cried out “It is finished!” on the cross, He was indeed proclaiming that God’s redemptive plan was now complete. The age of animal offerings was over. The ultimate offering had been sacrificed. 
    • Because of Jesus, we can enter God’s presence boldly and confidently through Christ (Heb 10:19-20) — no more separation!

3.       The Holy of Holies

g.       Ark of the Covenant

  • Made of acacia wood and overlaid with pure gold, inside and out. To be carried by poles at the sides of the ark only by the Levites — too holy to be touched
  • Inside the Ark: Tablets of 10 Commandments — Reminders of man’s rebellion (golden calf) 
  • Covering on top of the ark
    • Has 2 cherubims on both ends of the cover, facing each other, with wings spread upward overshadowing the cover
    • The presence of God rested between the cherubims — no one allowed to look directly on the Atonement Cover
    • The High Priest sprinkles sacrificial blood on the Atonement Cover on the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:11-17) so that God will not punish the people for their sins. No one could enter the Holy of Holies without the shedding of blood. (Heb 9:7)
  • Beautiful picture of God’s mercy and forgiveness over man’s rebellion and sin. 
  • Picture of Jesus:
    • Jesus is our High Priest who entered the Holy of Holies with His own shed blood. (Heb 9:11-12)
    • Jesus is our mercy seat. He stands between a holy God and sinful man. Just as the sins of the whole nation were atoned for by the sprinkling of the blood on the mercy seat, Christ’s blood atoned for the sins of the entire world.
    • Romans 3:23-26 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. 25 God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement (mercy seat), through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— 26 he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.
  • Conclusion:
    • Solomon built a beautiful temple for God. It was a grand place of worship, sacrifice and prayer.
    • But the grand temple was just a picture and shadow for the Israelites. It was an image of heaven, of God’s redemption plan. It told a story of how we cannot go to God on our own because of sin, but God, in His grace and mercy, came to open the way and bring us back to Him through Jesus’ finished work on the cross. 
    • If you would like to accept Jesus’ finished work on the cross and His life in you, pray along with me:
      • Thank you Jesus for dying on the cross for me. Thank you for taking away all my sins and washing me clean with your blood. Thank you for your broken body that makes me whole. That you that because of you, I can come to God freely and boldly in your name. I accept you into my heart and my life; live your life in me and through me. In Jesus’ name, Amen!

2. Worksheets